We live in an era of tremendous economic and environmental change. This change has significant consequences not only for the fate of natural ecosystems, but also for the human societies that are largely responsible for such change. We hope that Conservation and Society will serve as a platform for debate on the politics, the science and the history of change as well as the conservation of natural resources.

We are aware that there are several   excellent journals devoted to conservation. The   vast   majority   of them, however, are located in the West, with two consequences: First, most of these journals are expensive and hence difficult to access in the Third World. Second, much of what is published in these journals has relevance to the First rather than the Third World. We hope to make Conservation and Society available to readers at relatively cheap rates, readily accessible over the internet. We also hope to provide the space that will enable a more involved discussion around issues that have immediate relevance to the Third rather than the First World.

Our primary mandate is to bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear upon the problem of environmental impoverishment. As can be seen from the editorial board, we have consciously chosen to work with both biologists and   social   scientists   in   the   hope that we can initiate real discussions across the current disciplinary divides we are all familiar with.

Putting this first issue together has demonstrated just how challenging this task is likely to be. Even within the editorial board there have been differences over   what constitutes rigorous research. Editorial discussions have tended to follow disciplinary divides such that biologists have seen the absence of quantitative data as indicative of a piece being soft and lacking in analytical rigour. Equally, social scientists have struggled with work that is highly quantitative, often failing to understand the nuances or implications of data presented in some articles.

Navigating this divide is of the utmost importance from a conservation perspective. Academics and professionals in the social and natural sciences profess to having identical interests with regard to conserving and better using natural resources. Yet these same individuals have rarely managed to engage in fruitful conversation with one another.

Pulling this journal together will push our limits as we attempt to work across disciplinary boundaries. We will write about these experiences as we go along for we feel that the very act of managing this journal is part of a much larger process of unpacking the constituent elements of the disciplinary divide. We are hopeful that many of you will join what promises to be a challenging , and thoroughly bumpy ride.

We invite comments and manuscripts from our readers. Apart from letters, essays, reviews, commentaries and research contributions, we also welcome guest    editorials.    The   journal   will obviously be shaped by its contributors; hopefully many of these contributions will help shape contemporary debates on the question of the interaction between society and the environment.

We anticipate publishing the journal twice a year to start with, but are working our way towards a quarterly publication. While our editorial team has a definite slant towards South Asia (India really), we are hoping to have a more diverse board in time. We are committed, however, to publishing articles from across the  world,  and on any  part of the world. Our only condition in accepting articles for review is that they fit our mandate of publishing   articles on conservation with a demonstrable link to society.

This first issue of Conservation and Society is dedicated to the memory of Dr T.N. Khoshoo. Khoshoo’s work and commitment inspired a generation of scientists, including many on the editorial board of Conservation and Society.

Authors – Kamaljit S.Bawa and Vasant Saberwal

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